Composite materials result from the assembly of a technical reinforcement (ex: fibers) and a matrix (ex: resin or concrete).
A global market is experiencing steady growth of a 7% per year.
Thanks to the benefits of strength and lightness combined with the malleability, they are used in a wide range of applications (aeronautic, construction, transportation, leisure and sport, etc).
> Production reached 10 million tons in 2014 valued at $72 billion.
However, most of these composites are reinforced with fiberglass, the production of which has disastrous consequences on the environment and on human health.
> Share of fiberglass in total reinforcements market: 83%
> Production of glass requires lots of energy: silica is heated to 1200°c and the production emits a lot of energy: 30-55 MJ/kg.
Jute natural fiber has numerous advantages but its production is declining due to lack of modernization.
Jute is the most cultivated natural fiber in the world after cotton. Jute is a light (density: 1,4), strong (tenacity: 15-25 cN/Tex) and beautiful golden fiber. It is mainly used for the production of bags and ropes.
> One hectare of jute plants absorbs up to 15 tons of CO2 and releases 11 tons of oxygen during a 100 day growing cycle.
Due to competition with plastic materials and lack of diversification, this ancestral industry has been in serious decline for the past two decades.
30 million people are threatened by extreme poverty and the world is losing a unique and precious know-how.
> 21% sales downturn in 2014.
> 20 jute factories shut down over the course of an 8 months period in 2013.
Gold of Bengal aims to develop the use of jute natural fiber in composite applications as an alternative to fiberglass and to diversify the Bangladeshi industry.
> To conduct research and development on jute fibers and reinforcements, agro-composites and processes to generate technical, economic and environmentally viable innovations
> To ensure the technology transfer to local jute manufacturers and composite industrials to lead to products’ industrialization
> To lead and active promotion and education both internationally and locally to open the markets and launch the products